Repeated and long-term exposure to certain irritants on the job can lead to an array of lung diseases that may have lasting effects, even after exposure ceases. Certain occupations, because of the nature of their location, work, and environment, are more at risk for occupational lung diseases than others.
Occupational diseases affecting the respiratory system, including occupational asthma,black lung disease (coalworker\\\'s pneumoconiosis), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), mesothelioma, and silicosis.
• Shortness of breath
• Chest pain
• Chest tightness
• Abnormal breathing pattern
Occupational lung diseases, like other lung diseases, usually require an initial
• chest X-ray
• CT scan for a clinical diagnosis
In addition, various tests may be performed to determine the type and severity of the lung disease, including:
• Pulmonary function tests. Diagnostic tests that help to measure the lungs' ability to move air into and out of the lungs effectively. The tests are usually performed with special machines into which the person must breathe.
• Microscopic examination from biopsy or autopsy of tissue, cells, and fluids from the lungs
• Biochemical and cellular studies of lung fluids
• Measurement of respiratory or gas exchange functions
• Examination of airway or bronchial activity
Treatment will be determined by your doctor based on:
• Your age, overall health, and medical history
• Extent and type of lung disease
• Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
• Expectations for the course of the disease
• Your opinion or preference
Consult General Physician and Pulmonologist at Aadil Hospital for more information regarding the treatment of occupational lung diseases.