Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of at least three of five of the following medical conditions: abdominal (central) obesity, elevated blood pressure, elevated fasting plasma glucose, high serum triglycerides, and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels.
Metabolic syndrome is associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Central obesity (also known as visceral, male-pattern or apple-shaped adiposity)
Overweight with adipose tissue accumulation particularly around the waist and trunk
High blood pressure,
Decreased fasting serum hdl cholesterol, elevated fasting serum triglyceride level (vldl triglyceride),
Impaired fasting glucose, insulin resistance, or prediabetes
Fatty liver (especially in concurrent obesity) progressing to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome (in women),
Erectile dysfunction (in men)
Diagnoses of metabolic syndrome based on the results of a physical exam and blood tests. At least three of the five metabolic risk factors to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic Risk Factors
A Large Waistline
A High Triglyceride Level
A Low HDL Cholesterol Level
High Blood Pressure
High Fasting Blood Sugar
The major goal of treating metabolic syndrome is to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Treatment is directed first at lowering LDL cholesterol and high blood pressure and managing diabetes
Maintaining a Healthy Weight