They are usually painless while they remain in the kidney. But they can cause severe pain when small pieces leave the kidney and travel through the narrow tubes (ureters) to the bladder. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
If the stone is not in your kidney but in your ureter, you may feel pain in the groin or thigh.
Men can also have pain in their testicles.
Other symptoms include
a) Severe Pain ( Renal Colic)
b) blood in the urine (red, pink, or brown urine)
e) discolored or foul-smelling urine
h) frequent need to urinate
i) urinating small amounts of urine
Diagnosis of kidney stones: require
- A complete health history
- Assessment and a physical exam.
Other tests include:
a) Ultrasonography (also known as ultrasound): which uses high-frequency sounds to create an image. In addition to ultrasonography, you may need an x-ray of the urinary tract.
b) Complete Urine Test
c) Blood urea nitrogen (Bun) and creatinine to assess kidney functioning
d) Blood test for uric acid , calcium, phosphorus and electrolytes
e) KUB CT-scan (Kidney, Ureter, Bladder computed tomography) : For stone disease a non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography (NCCT) is done. This scan can clearly show the size, shape, and thickness of the stone.
f) Stone analysis and other tests: In case of renal colic, your urine and blood are tested to see if you have an infection or kidney failure.
Aadil Hospital Doctors team offer Open Surgery and Endoscopic stone removal.
1) Open Surgery: Include
a) Pyelolithotomy (For Kidney stone)
b) Ureterolithotomy refers to the open or laparoscopic surgical removal of a stone from the ureter.
c) Vesicolithotomy: Open or lapaopscopic surgical removal of a stone from the bladder.
2) Endoscopic stone removal : Include
a) Retrograde interarenal surgery (RIRS): Removal of a stone form the Kidney
b) Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy( PCNL): is a minimally-invasive procedure to remove stones from the kidney by a small puncture wound (up to about 1 cm) through the skin.
c) Ureterorenoscopy and Pneumatic Lithotripsy (URS): removal of a stone form ureter
d) Lithnolapsy: Removal of a stone from Bladder
Consult at Aadil Hospital for appropriate treatment.