Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of all or part of your digestive tract. IBD primarily includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms vary, depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs.
Signs and symptoms that are common to both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis include:
- Diarrhea. Diarrhea is a common problem for people with IBD.
- Fever and fatigue. Many people with IBD experience a low-grade fever. You may also feel tired or have low energy.
- Abdominal pain and cramping. Inflammation and ulceration can affect the normal movement of contents through your digestive tract and may lead to pain and cramping. You may also experience nausea and vomiting.
- Blood in your stool. You might notice bright red blood in the toilet bowl or darker blood mixed with your stool. You can also have bleeding you don't see (occult blood).
- Reduced appetite. Abdominal pain and cramping, as well as inflammation, can affect your appetite.
- Unintended weight loss. You may lose weight and even become malnourished because you cannot properly digest and absorb food.
Diagnosis will be made by rulling other diseases and performing following tests and procedures.
- Tests for anemia or infection.
- Fecal occult blood test.
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy.
- Upper endoscopy.
- Capsule endoscopy.
- Double-balloon endoscopy.
- CT Scan
- Small bowel imaging
Consult your Gastroenterologist at Aadil Hospital for the evaluation and treatment of disease.