Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused when your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood. It may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The discomfort also can occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion.
Symptoms associated with angina include:
• Chest pain or discomfort
• Pain in your arms, neck, jaw, shoulder or back accompanying chest pain
• Shortness of breath
Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to your heart muscle. Your blood carries oxygen, which your heart muscle needs to survive. When your heart muscle isn't getting enough oxygen, it causes a condition called ischemia.
The most common cause of reduced blood flow to your heart muscle is coronary artery disease (CAD). Your heart (coronary) arteries can become narrowed by deposits called plaques. This is called atherosclerosis.
All chest pain should be checked out by a Aadil hospital provider. If you have chest pain, doctor will want to find out whether it's angina and if it is, whether the angina is stable or unstable. If it's unstable, you may need emergency medical treatment to try to prevent a heart attack. they may recommend the following tests and procedures:
I. EKG (Electrocardiogram)
II. Stress Testing
III. Blood Tests
IV. Chest X-Rays
V. Coronary Angiography and Cardiac Catheterization
VI. Computed Tomography Angiography
There are many options for angina treatment, including
• Lifestyle changes
• Angioplasty or Stenting:
During an angioplasty — also called a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) — a tiny balloon is inserted into your narrowed artery. The balloon is inflated to widen the artery, and then a small wire mesh coil (stent) is usually inserted to keep the artery open. This procedure improves blood flow in your heart, reducing or eliminating angina. Angioplasty and stenting is a good treatment option if you have unstable angina or if lifestyle changes and medications don't effectively treat your chronic, stable angina.
• Coronary bypass surgery:
During coronary artery bypass surgery, a vein or artery from somewhere else in your body is used to bypass a blocked or narrowed heart artery.
The goals of treatment are to reduce the frequency and severity of your symptoms and to lower your risk of heart attack and death.
Consult at Aadil Hospital for medical and surgical treatment.