Uterine cancer is the most common cancer of a woman’s reproductive system. Uterine cancer begins when normal cells in the uterus change and grows uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor will not spread.
Common signs and symptoms of uterine cancer are abnormal
• Unusual vaginal bleeding, spotting, or discharge.
• For premenopausal women, menorrhagia, or abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).
• Difficulty or pain when urinating
• Pain during sexual intercourse
• Pain in the pelvic area
Doctor may consider these factors when choosing a diagnostic test:
- Age and medical condition
- Type of cancer suspected
- Signs and symptoms
- Previous test results
- Pelvic examination. The doctor feels the uterus, vagina, ovaries, and rectum to check for any unusual findings.
• Transvaginal ultrasound. An ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of internal organs. In a transvaginal ultrasound, an ultrasound wand is inserted into the vagina and aimed at the uterus to obtain the pictures
• Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan. A CT scan creates a three-dimensional picture of the inside of the body with an x-ray machine. A computer then combines these images into a detailed, cross-sectional view that shows any abnormalities or tumors.
• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI uses magnetic fields, not x-rays, to produce detailed images of the body. MRI can also be used to measure the tumor’s size.
. Endometrial biopsy. A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope.
Uterine cancer is treated by one or a combination of treatments including
• Radiation therapy
• Hormone therapy. Combinations of treatments are often recommended.
Consult at Aadil Hospital for Medical and surgical treatment.