A seizure is the physical findings or changes in behavior that occur after an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Specific symptoms depend on which part of the brain is involved. Symptoms occur suddenly and may include:
- Brief blackout followed by a period of confusion (the person cannot remember for a short time)
- Changes in behavior, such as picking at one's clothing
- Drooling or frothing at the mouth
- Eye movements
- Grunting and snorting
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
- Mood changes, such as sudden anger, unexplainable fear, panic, joy, or laughter
- Shaking of the entire body
- Sudden falling
- Tasting a bitter or metallic flavor
- Teeth clenching
- Temporary stop in breathing
- Uncontrollable muscle spasms with twitching and jerking limbs
The person may have warning symptoms before the attack, such as:
• Fear or anxiety
• Vertigo (feeling as if you are spinning or moving)
• Visual symptoms (such as flashing bright lights, spots, or wavy lines before the eyes)
• Detailed medical history (including a family history of seizures).
• Gather information about your behavior before, during, and after the episode. It is very important to have someone with you who witnessed the episode and can describe it to the doctor.
• Physical exam
These are tests that may be done:
• EEG: An electroencephalogram to identify any abnormal electrical misfiring in the brain and help predict the risk of future seizures
• Brain imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan to help narrow down a possible treatable cause
• A spinal tap if an infectious cause, such as meningitis, is suspected
When a specific cause of the seizure is identified -- such as
- Infection or
- Low blood sugar -- treatment of that underlying condition often prevents seizures from recurring.
If the underlying cause is not fully treatable or is unknown, treatment with anti-seizure (anticonvulsant) medications may be recommended.
Consult at Aadil Hospital for appropriate medical treatment.