Ocular hypertension is an increase in pressure in the eye that is above the range considered normal.
Most people with ocular hypertension do not experience any symptoms. For this reason, regular eye examinations with an ophthalmologist are very important to rule out any damage to the optic nerve from the high pressure.
An ophthalmologist performs tests to measure intraocular pressure as well as to rule out early primary open-angle glaucoma or secondary causes of glaucoma. These tests are explained below.
• Visual Fields
• Your visual acuity: Ophthalmologist determines your visual acuity by having you read letters from across a room using an eye chart.
• Slit Lamp: The front of your eyes, including your cornea, anterior chamber, iris, and lens, are examined using a special microscope called a slit lamp.
• Tonometry: is a method used to measure the pressure inside the eye.
• Each optic nerve is examined for any damage or abnormalities; this may require dilation of the pupils to ensure an adequate examination of the optic nerves
• Gonioscopy: is performed to check the drainage angle of your eye; to do so, a special contact lens is placed on the eye..
• Pachymetry (or corneal thickness) is checked by an ultrasound probe to determine the accuracy of your intraocular pressure readings. A thinner cornea can give falsely low pressure readings, whereas a thick cornea can give falsely high pressure readings.
• Medication Management
Consult at Aadil hospital for medical and surgical treatment.