Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Diseases under the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others.
Heart disease symptoms depend on what type of heart disease you have.
The tests you'll need to diagnose your heart disease depend on what condition your doctor thinks you might have.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Holter monitoring
- Cardiac catheterization
- Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Life Style Changes. Eating saturated fats and trans fats are not good for your heart health ,a nutritionist can guide you to avoid foods rich in saturated fats and trans fat, and what foods to eat to lower cholesterol and triglycerides.
Everyone needs a goal and positive reasons to achieve that goal. Even losing a few pounds can provide you with cardiovascular benefits, so every step in the right direction is a step toward healthier living. First step would be to consult a nutritionist for advice on foods to avoid and to eat.
Medications. If lifestyle changes alone aren't enough, your doctor may prescribe medications to control your heart disease. The type of medication will depend on the type of heart disease.
Medical procedures or surgery. If medications aren't enough, it's possible your doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery. The type of procedure will depend on the type of heart disease and the extent of the damage to your heart.