is a birth defect in which one or more of the joints between the bones of your baby's skull close prematurely, before your baby's brain is fully formed. When your baby has craniosynostosis, his or her brain can't grow in its natural shape and the head is misshapen.
Some children will experience unusually high pressure on the brain,initially causing headaches. If left untreated, some children may then develop learning disabilities or problems with their eyesight.
Signs of craniosynostosis include:
- A misshapen skull, with the shape depending on which of the cranial sutures are affected
- An abnormal feeling or disappearing "soft spot" (fontanel) on your baby's skull
- Slow or no growth of the head as your baby grows
- Development of a raised, hard ridge along affected sutures
- Increased pressure within the skull (intracranial pressure)
- The signs of craniosynostosis may not be noticeable at birth, but they become apparent during the first few months of your baby's life.
Diagnosis of craniosynostosis may include:
A physical exam. Your doctor will feel your baby's head for abnormalities such as suture ridges and look for facial deformities.
Imaging studies. A computerized tomography (CT) scan of your baby's skull will show whether any sutures have fused. Fused sutures are identifiable by their absence, because they're invisible once fused, and by the ridging of the suture line.
X-rays also may be used to measure precise dimensions of your baby's skull, using a technique called cephalometry.
Genetic testing. If your doctor suspects your baby's misshapen skull is caused by an underlying hereditary syndrome, genetic testing may help identify the syndrome.
Genetic tests usually require a blood sample. Depending on what type of abnormality is suspected, your doctor may take a sample of your baby's hair, skin or other tissue, such as cells from the inside of the cheek. The sample is sent to a lab for analysis.
For most babies, however, surgery is the primary treatment for craniosynostosis. The type and timing of surgery depend on the type of craniosynostosis and whether there's an underlying syndrome that needs treatment.
Consult at Aadil hospital for medical and surgical procedure