Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine (colon).
• Abdominal pain or cramping
• A bloated feeling
• Diarrhea or constipation — sometimes alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea
• Mucus in the stool
1. Imaging tests:
• Flexible sigmoidoscopy. This test examines the lower part of the colon (sigmoid) with a flexible, lighted tube (sigmoidoscope).
• Colonoscopy. In some cases, especially if you are age 50 or older or have other signs of a potentially more serious condition, doctor may perform this diagnostic test in which a small, flexible tube is used to examine the entire length of the colon.
• X-ray (radiography). Sometimes doctors will use X-rays to obtain an image of your colon.
• Computerized tomography (CT) scan. CT scans produce cross-sectional X-ray images of internal organs. CT scans of your abdomen and pelvis may help your doctor rule out other causes of your symptoms, especially if you have abdominal pain.
• Lower GI series. In this test, doctors fill your large intestine with a liquid (barium) to make it easier to see any problems on the X-ray.
2. Laboratory tests:
• Lactose intolerance tests. .
• Breath tests. Doctor may perform a breath test to look for a condition called bacterial overgrowth, in which bacteria from the colon grow up into the small intestine, leading to bloating, abdominal discomfort and diarrhea.
• Blood tests. Celiac disease is sensitivity to wheat, barley and rye protein that may cause signs and symptoms like those of irritable bowel syndrome. Blood tests can help rule out this disorder
• Stool tests. If you have chronic diarrhea, doctors may want to examine your stool for bacteria or parasites.
• Dietary Changes
Try to avoid foods that trigger your symptoms. Also try to get enough exercise, drink plenty of fluids and get enough sleep.
If problems are moderate or severe, you may need more than lifestyle changes. Your doctor may suggest medications.
IBS is a chronic condition that you will need to manage long term.
Consult your Gastroenterologist at Aadil hospital for appropriate treatment.